"Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's lifetime." - Mark Twain


Ex Tunc / Ex Nunc

Ex Tunc = efeitos são retroativos à época da origem dos fatos a ele relacionados:
Ex Nunc = efeitos não retroagem, valendo somente a partir da data da decisão tomada:

EX TUNC : bate na TESTA ( com isso a cabeça vai p/ trás) então Retroage 
EX NUNC : bate na NUCA ( com isso a cabeça vai p/ frente) então nunca Retroage.


"It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change." - Charles Darwin


Jingle Bells

Feliz Natal para Todos,
Feliz Natal!

Jingle Bells
Dashing through the snow
In a one horse open sleigh
O'er the fields we go
Laughing all the way
Bells on bob tails ring
Making spirits bright
What fun it is to laugh and sing
A sleighing song tonight
Oh, jingle bells, jingle bells
Jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride
In a one horse open sleigh
Jingle bells, jingle bells
Jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride
In a one horse open sleigh
A day or two ago
I thought I'd take a ride
And soon Miss Fanny Bright
Was seated by my side
The horse was lean and lank
Misfortune seemed his lot
We got into a drifted bank
And then we got upsot

Oh, jingle bells, jingle bells
Jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride
In a one horse open sleigh
Jingle bells, jingle bells
Jingle all the way
Oh, what fun it is to ride
In a one horse open sleigh yeah


Microondas ou Micro-ondas?

Microondas ou micro-ondas?

A palavra correta é micro-ondas, pois  na nova ortografia, usa-se o hífen quando a vogal que encerra o primeiro elemento é similar à que começa o segundo elemento:  micro-ondas, micro-ônibus, micro-organismo, para-atleta, semi-internato, semi-interno, multi-instrumentista.

Exemplo: Vou esquentar meu pão no micro-ondas.

Partly vs. Partially

The author of a famous book on English usage, H.W. Fowler, suggested making the distinction between the two words more clear by contrasting opposing terms to partially and partly in order to orient them:
            partially = incompletely = to a limited degree
            He has only partially succeeded in his mission.
            partly = in part = as regards a part and not the whole
Either partially or partly could plausibly be used in both of the above example sentences, but they illustrate Fowler's suggestion that a distinction might be made in such cases.
However, even though the the words are often used interchangeably, there is some differentiation that we can see by observing usage patterns.
Partially is used more often than partly to modify an adjective or past participle that names or suggests a process:
            His face was partially concealed by a beard.
            The snow had partially melted.
            Our vacation was partially paid for by the company.
Partly is used more often than partially before clauses and phrases offered as explanation:
            We trusted him partly because he was elderly.
            Partly for this reason, we decided not to buy the house.
            I called him again, partly to reassure him.
It must be said that there are plenty of exceptions to this general trend, and only time will tell whether the process of differentiation will continue. None of the above examples would sound incorrect to a native speaker if the words partially and partly were exchanged.
Let's look at the three sentences below. All use partly, but can any of them also use partially?
            1. I didn't enjoy the trip very much, partly because of the weather.
            2. This he did with difficulty, partly on account of his bad eyesight.
            3. It was partly their responsibilty.
We can try to apply Fowler's rule or look at the usage trends, but to ultimately this may become a question of style and not definition or usage. Any of these three sentences could work just as well with partiallyinstead of partly. The learner of English should focus more attention on those few cases that show nearly consistent use of one or the other:
            partly cloudy/sunny skies
            partially hydrogenated oils

Source: http://www.learnersdictionary.com/qa/partially-and-partly


Free/Freedom - Liberate/Liberation - Release

Free can mean:
·       Not under the control or in the power of another; able to act or be done as one wishes; subject neither to        foreign domination nor to despotic government; not or no longer confined or imprisoned.
·       Not physically restrained, obstructed, or fixed; unimpeded.
·       Not subject to or constrained by engagements or obligations.
·       Given or available without charge.
·       Using or expending something without restraint; lavish.

Liberate/Liberation usually has a more formal or ideological meaning i.e. liberation from political oppression or liberation of prisoners-of-war.
Liberation can mean:
·       freeing a country, a city, or people from enemy occupation.
·       releasing someone from a state or situation that limits freedom of thought or behavior.
·       freeing someone from rigid social conventions, especially those concerned with accepted sexual roles.
Spiritual liberation and free will have different meaning, as will is generally understood as a deliberate or fixed desire or intent; liberation implicates a change of status (e.g., from without freedom to with freedom) that is not implicit in free will.
Liberation means the setting free of someone or something. Wild animals raised in captivity are often unprepared for their liberation, when they are released back into the wild.
You'll notice right off the bat that liberation is related to the noun liberty— as in "liberty and justice for all." The difference is that liberation refers specifically to the act of being made free, of going from having no freedom to having it. Famous moments of liberation include Europe's liberation from the Nazis, the slaves' liberation from slavery in the U.S., and South Africa's liberation from the oppression of apartheid.
Liberation is the first step in the process by which medication enters the body and liberates the ... This can mean that the same dose of a drug in different forms can have different bioequivalence, as they yield ... In addition, a slow release system will maintain drug concentrations within a therapeutically acceptable range for ...

As nouns the difference between release and liberation is that release is the event of setting (someone or something) free (eg hostages, slaves, prisoners, caged animals, hooked or stuck mechanisms) while liberation is the act of liberating or the state of being liberated. 

As a verb release is to let go (of); to cease to hold or contain or releasecan be to lease again; to grant a new lease of; to let back. 


Paraolimpíadas ou Paralimpíadas?

A mudança foi feita para igualar ao uso de todos os outros países de Língua Portuguesa. Desde que os jogos para pessoas com deficiência começaram, os outros sete países que têm o Português como língua oficial (Angola, Cabo Verde, Guiné-Bissau, Moçambique, Portugal, São Tomé e Príncipe e Timor Leste) já usavam a forma atual. Para que o Brasil não ficasse diferente dos outros países, o Comitê Paralímpico Internacional pediu que fosse feita a alteração.

Microondas ou micro-ondas?

A palavra correta é micro-ondas, pois  na nova ortografia, usa-se o hífen quando a vogal que encerra o primeiro elemento é similar à que começa o segundo elemento:  micro-ondas, micro-ônibus, micro-organismo, para-atleta, semi-internato, semi-interno, multi-instrumentista.
Exemplo: Vou esquentar meu pão no micro-ondas.


Cap x Cover x Lid

Cap: for smaller containers
Cover: to hide the thing
Lid: to top or cover a container
A cap is used for smaller containers such as a toothpaste. It may be used on a bottle or a tube. A lid goes on jars and other containers.
A cover could be considered larger than a lid, but not always. Also, lid is usually only used when it is a cover on the top of something. Also, a lid can only ever cover a hole in something while a cover can cover a hole and cover the whole object as well. 
To make things even more difficult, there are some occasions when only one or the other is correct. For instance, a teapot has a lid; a box has a lid; a dustbin has a lid; a drain can have a lid or a cover, but a manhole only has a cover!


Acknowledgment vs. Recognition

Recognition is a synonym of acknowledgment
As nouns the difference between recognition and acknowledgment is that recognition is the act of recognizing or the condition of being recognized while acknowledgment is the act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession
Acknowledgment / [Alternative form: acknowledgement] - Noun
  The act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession.
  The act of owning or recognizing in a particular character or relationship; recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth, or genuineness.
  An award or other expression or token of appreciation.
  An owning with gratitude of a benefit or an obligation (as in "acknowledgment" of a favor).
  A message from the addressee informing the originator that the originator's communication has been received and understood, as a wedding invitation's acknowledgment .
  (Telecommunications|computing|networking) A response (ACK) sent by a receiver to indicate successful receipt of a transmission.
  An owning as genuine or valid; an avowing or admission in legal form (as in "acknowledgment of a deed").
  (legal) A formal statement or document recognizing the fulfillment or execution of a legal requirement or procedure.

Synonyms: act of acknowledging) confession, concession, recognition, admission, avowal, recognizance, 

Recognition (Noun):

  the act of recognizing or the condition of being recognized
     He looked at her for ten full minutes before recognition dawned.
  Warwick observed, as they passed through the respectable quarter, that few people who met the girl greeted her, and that some others whom she passed at gates or doorways gave her no sign of recognition; from which he inferred that she was possibly a visitor in the town and not well acquainted.
  an awareness that something observed has been observed before
  acceptance as valid or true: The law was a recognition of their civil rights.
  With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognitionthat the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get
  official acceptance of the status of a new government by that of another country
  honour, favourable note, or attention - The charity gained plenty of recognitionfor its efforts, but little money.

Derived terms: * character recognition * OCR / optical character recognition

Source: http://wikidiff.com/acknowledgment/recognition


BID /b.i.d./BD

twice a day / twice daily / 2 times daily
b.i.d. (on prescription):On a prescription, b.i.d. means twice (two times) a day. It is an abbreviation for "bis in die" which in Latin means twice a day. The abbreviation b.i.d. is sometimes written without a period either in lower-case letters as "bid" or in capital letters as "BID"
q.d. (qd or QD) is once a day; q.d. stands for "quaque die" (which means, in Latin, once a day). t.i.d. (or tid or TID) is three times a day ; t.i.d. stands for "ter in die" (in Latin, 3 times a day).
q.i.d. (or qid or QID) is four times a day; q.i.d. stands for "quater in die" (in Latin, 4 times a day).
q_h: If a medicine is to be taken every so-many hours, it is written "q_h"; the "q" standing for "quaque" and the "h" indicating the number of hours. So, for example, "2 caps q4h" means "Take 2 capsules every 4 hours."

Dose or dosage?

Dose - 5mg ( This 5mg is called dose) 
Dosage - 5mg b.i.d or BD ( this BD or b.i.d. is dosage i.e., no. of times the drug is to be taken)
Medical definition: 
Dose: The amount of medicine to be administered at one time.
Dosage: quantity per unit of time ( regimen).


Canned or tinned?

Canned or tinned food?
Interchangeable words; “canned” is American English, while British English uses both “tinned” and “canned”.



Have Gun — Will Travel is an American Western television series that aired on CBS from 1957 through 1963. The title was a catch phrase used in personal advertisements in newspapers like The Times, indicating that the advertiser was ready for anything. It was used in this way from the early 1900s. A form common in theatrical advertising was "Have tux [a man's outfit], will travel," and this was the inspiration for the writer Herb Meadow. The TV show popularized the phrase in the sixties, and many variations of it were used as titles for other works such as Have Space Suit—Will Travel by Robert Heinlein.

Have Cake, Will Travel
Have Webcast, Will Travel
Have Pen, Will Travel
Have Dreams, Will Travel
Have Netbook, Will Travel
Have Gym, Will Travel
Have Diabetes, Will Travel
Have Surfboard, Will Travel
Have Passport, Will Travel
What is yours?
Tem festa? Então eu vou!

Catch 22 / Catch of the day / What's the catch?

catch-22 [beco sem saída] is a paradoxical situation from which an individual cannot escape because of contradictory rules. An example would be: To apply for a job, you need to have a few years of experience. But in order to gain experience, you need to get a job first.

Catch of the day refers to a fish caught within the last 72 hours or the fresh fish shelf life (usually 72 hours) that has not been frozen, canned or otherwise

What's the catch? (Qual é a pegadinha? O que está por trás?)
"OK, I've seen all the benefits, but what's the catch?"
"The restaurant is offering free lunch, but what's the catch?"


"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader." -  John Quincy Adams

Resolutory Clause vs. Resolutive Clause

A resolutory clause refers to a condition which, if performed by the parties, will avoid punishable enforcement. For example, a party which delays payments, has a term to deposit all due sums. So in such case the contract will enter into its usual path and the creditor won’t take it to the bailiff. 
A  “resolutive clause” refers to terms or conditions that establish the situations for annulment of the contract.


Booking vs. Reservation

Booking is a synonym of reservation. They are interchangeable.
Booking is the act or process of writing something down in a book or books, eg in accounting.
Reservation is the act of reserving, withholding or keeping back.
Yes they are. Booking is predominantely Br. English and reservation predominantly Am. English.
There is a shade of difference.
A reservation is the arrangement for (a seat, ticket, etc.) to be kept for the use of a particular person - n a restaraunt, you will hear:
- Do you have a reservation for tonight?
In a hotel: 
- I have a reservation for a double room.
A booking is the arrangement to have a seat, room, entertainer, etc. at a particular time in the future: 
- I would like to book a table for tonight.
- I would like to book a room for three nights next month.
- I have booked a seat on the train tomorrow.
- We have a booking for a table tonight.
Both are used in the UK, with these differences.
The pub we booked a table in today asked if we had made a reservation.
- I have a reservation/booking for tonight in the name of Smith.
- We have no listing for that name for tonight.

- But I booked it/made the booking over a week ago.


Necessity is the mother of invention

"Difficult situations inspire ingenious solutions."
I had already written several separate files and then I wanted to change a word that was frequently repeated in most of the files. This necessity prompted me to investigate whether there was a software that could do it - et voilà!  This software existed: "Word Batch Replacer". Simple to use and effective! My problem was solved. Thank you, developers, for having thought about this necessity! 


Amongst and whilst

These days, it’s always “among” and “while”.

Which or that?

Whether it’s “which” or “that” depends on whether you want to listen to the convention police. You’re not wrong if you ignore it, but the convention is to reserve “which” for non-defining relative clauses (“The couch, which has a stain on it, is dirty”), and “that” for defining relative clauses (“Here is a couch that has a stain on it”). If it’s between commas or after a comma, err on the side of “which”.

Translators' Pop Idol

Yves Champollion, WordFast Developer


Se no presente vivermos para o futuro, nunca viveremos de fato.

“Let each of us examine his thoughts; he will find them wholly concerned with the past or the future. We almost never think of the present, and if we do think of it, it is only to see what light it throws on our plans for the future. The present is never our end. The past and the present are our means, the future alone our end. Thus we never actually live, but hope to live, and since we are always planning how to be happy, it is inevitable that we should never be so.” Blaise Pascal
"Quase não pensamos no presente; e, quando pensamos, é só para tirar dele a luz para dispor do futuro. O presente nunca é o nosso fim. Assim, não vivemos nunca, mas esperamos viver."


Granny went to...Port of Dover

My workstation:

Vc sabe que é um tradutor quando...

...se identifica totalmente com esta música:
5000 Words
(Lyrics and music © by Sharon Neeman)

Eu vou para Maracangalha, eu vou!


"Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication."

-  Leonardo da Vinci

Granny goes to...Pasargada



Blog / Vlog / Flog

Blog: Diário virtual em que o blogger [blogueiro] escreve sobre o dia-a-dia.

Vlog: Quando as postagens predominantes são vídeos feitos pelo vlogger [vlogueiro], geralmente de frente para uma câmera.

Flog: Quando as mensagens são transmitidas basicamente por fotos [Instagram, Flickr, Picasa, etc.] feitas pelo flogger.[flogueiro]..

Alguns blogs podem ter vlogs e flogs juntos. Mas nem todos os floggers ou vloggers tem necessariamente um blog.